Nephasoma diaphanes diaphanes (Gerould, 1913)
A cosmopolitan species - the most common sipunculan in deep-sea communities
Nephasoma diaphanes diaphanes in foraminiferan test
Nephasoma diaphanes scattered_hooks
Phascolosoma diaphanes Gerould, 1913
Golfingia diaphanes E. Cutler and Cutler, 1980
Transparent or translucent body wall.
Introvert shorter than the trunk with a few short tentacular lobes.
Scattered, spinelike hooks.
Immature specimens of other Nephasoma species might be (and very often are so the literature is full of unavoidable noise on this issue) easily mistaken with N. diaphanes.
Common trunk length: 5 mm
Maximum trunk length: 55 mm
Whitish, transparent or translucent body wall
It inhabits sand, silt, clay and mud
Dioecious, probably trochophore larva
More Biology & Ecology
It often lives in foraminiferan tests or small polychaete tubes. Larger shelter dwellers may have enlarged and darker posterior papillae. It is often the most common sipunculan in the deep water communities.
Both sides of the northern Atlantic. Present from the wide range of bathymetric distribution; Very common in deep-sea communities.
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- Cutler EB, Cutler NJ (1986) Revision of the genus Nephasoma (Sipuncula:Golfingiidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 99:547-573
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- Shields MA, Kędra M (2009) A deep burrowing sipunculan of ecological and geochemical importance. Deep-Sea Research I, 56, 2057-2064